OFICIAL Acord istoric în UE, pachet de ajutor de jumătate de trilion…

OFICIAL Acord istoric în UE, pachet de ajutor de jumătate de trilion de euro – El Pais

Miniștrii Finanțelor din cele 27 de state membre UE au ajuns joi noapte la un acord istoric pentru ajutarea statelor grav afectate de criza economică provocată de pandemia de coronavirus, potrivit unui comunicat de presă al Consiliului UE. E vorba despre un pachet de finanțare de 540 miliarde de ero, prin împrumuturi cu costuri extrem de mici disponibile tuturor statelor membre care au dificultăți economice. Împrumuturile vor fi acordate pe trei mecanisme distincte (100 miliarde euro pentru ajutorul de șomaj, 200 miliarde de euro pentru investiții prin BEI și 240 miliarde de euro pentru urgențe și necesități specifice).

Chiar dacă statele membre nu au ajuns la un acord pentru emiterea de coronabonduri, statele din nord au fost de acord ca toate țările UE să poate apela la împrumuturi avantajoase prin Mecanismul european de stabilitate, fără condiționalități legate de reforme. Mecanismul european de stabilitate este un instrument extrem de puternic al Zonei euro, care poate împrumutat țările care au moneda euro cu sume uriașe.

Comisarul european pentru Economie, Paolo Gentiloni, a anunțat ”un acord de dimensiuni fără precedent”, în timp ce El Pais anunță că pachetul financiar de ajutorare a statelor afectate este de peste 500 de miliarde de euro (jumătate de trilion de euro). Pe lângă acest pachet disponibil pentru împrumuturi imediate va fi creat un fond suplimentar pentru relansare economică, ce va fi anunțat ulterior de șefii de stat și de guvern din Consiliul European.

Și ministrul francez al Finanțelor, Bruno Le Maire, a anunțat pe contul său de Twitter ”un acord excelent: 500 de miliarde de euro disponibili imediat. Și un fond pentru relansare care va urma”. ”Europa a decis să se ridice la înălțimea gravității acestei crize”, a mai scris ministrul francez.

Acordul a fost acceptat în cele din urmă și de Olanda, care s-a dovedit principalul obstacol în calea accesului Spaniei și Italiei la împrumuturi din Mecanismul european de stabilitate (MES) fără condiționalități legate de reforme, potrivit El Pais.

Înaintea întâlnirii, Germania și Franța au făcut presiuni serioase asupra Olandei, care în cele din urmă a cedat, scrie El Pais.

Citește mai jos comunicatul integral al Consiliului UE:

Report on the comprehensive economic policy response to the COVID-19 pandemic

  1. The COVID-19 pandemic constitutes an unprecedented challenge with very severe socio-economic consequences. We are committed to do everything necessary to meet this challenge in a spirit of solidarity.
  2. A coordinated and comprehensive strategy is necessary to deal with health emergency needs, to support economic activity and to prepare the ground for the recovery. This strategy should combine short, medium and long-term initiatives, taking account of the spill overs and interlinkages between our economies and the need to preserve confidence and stability.
  3. Several measures have already been taken at the national and EU levels, as set out in the statement of the Eurogroup in inclusive format of 16 March. A subsequent letter of the President of the Eurogroup of 24 March outlined further elements of policy response under consideration. The European Council, in its statement of 26 March, invited the Eurogroup to present proposals on the economic response to the COVID-19 pandemic within two weeks. Replying to the Leaders’ mandate, this report takes stock of actions taken thus far and outlines a comprehensive and coordinated economic response.
    Coordinated actions taken so far at the level of the Member States, the EU and the euro area
  4. Since the onset of the crisis, Member States have continuously stepped up efforts to support the economy.
  5. A timely, temporary and targeted discretionary fiscal stimulus is being provided in a coordinated manner. Significant public resources are directed to strengthen the healthcare sector and civil protection mechanisms and to support affected workers and economic sectors. To date, the aggregate amount of Member States’ discretionary fiscal measures amounts to 3% of EU GDP, a threefold increase since 16 March, on top of the significant impact of automatic stabilisers.
  6. Furthermore, Member States have so far committed to provide liquidity support for sectors facing disruptions and companies facing liquidity shortages, consisting of public guarantee schemes and deferred tax payments, which are now estimated at 16% of EU GDP, up from 10% on 16 March.
  7. The Ministers of Finance stand ready to take further measures as needed, as developments unfold.
  8. Flexibility in EU rules. On 23 March, Ministers of Finance agreed with the assessment of the Commission that the conditions for the use of the general escape clause of the EU fiscal framework, a severe economic downturn in the euro area or the Union as a whole, are fulfilled. This offers the flexibility necessary to the national budgets to support the economy and to respond in a coordinated manner to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Overall fiscal guidance will be provided within this framework and as part of a streamlined European Semester exercise. We welcomed the Commission’s decision to issue a specific temporary state-aid framework to expedite public support to companies, while ensuring the necessary level playing field in the Single Market as well as the recent extension of the framework to cover support for research, testing and production relevant in the fight against the COVID 19 pandemic. We also welcome the Commission’ guidance on the use of all the flexibilities offered by the EU public procurement framework in this emergency situation, issued on the 1st of April.
  9. Use of the EU budget. We welcome the proposals by the Commission to make best use of existing EU budget resources to fight the crisis. The proposal for a Coronavirus Response Investment Initiative was approved by the European Parliament and the Council and is in force as of the 1st of April. This will allow the use of EUR 37 billion under cohesion policy to address the consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. In addition, the scope of the Solidarity Fund was broadened to include major public health crises. Starting from the 1st of April, this allows the hardest hit Member States to get access to financial support of up to EUR 800 million in 2020.
  10. Monetary Policy. We welcome the resolute action taken by the European Central Bank to support liquidity and financing conditions to households, businesses and banks, which will help to preserve the smooth provision of credit to the economy. On 18 March, the ECB decided to launch a EUR 750 billion Pandemic Emergency Purchase Programme (PEPP), to expand the range of eligible assets under the corporate sector purchase programme (CSPP) and to ease the collateral standards. These measures are aimed at ensuring that all sectors of the economy can benefit from supportive financing conditions that enable them to absorb the Covid-19 shock.
  11. Financial Stability: We welcome the guidance provided by supervisory authorities to financial institutions on the interpretation and application of the regulatory requirements in the current exceptional circumstances. We also welcome the release of capital buffers. To overcome the financing pressures faced by firms and households, making full use of the flexibility provided for in the regulatory framework is essential. We will continue to monitor closely the evolution of the situation and to coordinate European and national measures. Where necessary, we stand ready to take further actions, including legislative measures, if appropriate to mitigate the impact of Covid-19.
    Additional crisis response instruments and preparing the ground for the recovery
  12. At this critical juncture, we are ready to step up the EU response to support, bolster and complement efforts made so far. We are committed to ensure the conditions for an adequate response to the crisis in every EU Member State. In that context, measures envisaged by the European institutions should be implemented in light of the severity of the economic consequences of the pandemic on individual Member States.
  13. EU budget flexibility. We welcome the Commission’s proposals regarding the further temporary flexibility in the use of EU funds, such as allowing transfers between funds, regions and policy objectives, abandoning national co-financing requirements and supporting vulnerable members of society. This will help to mobilise effectively the EU budget to face the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic.
  14. Emergency Support. We agreed that a dedicated COVID-19 instrument to support the financing of emergency aid, through the provision of grants, is necessary, to first and foremost reinforce our healthcare systems. In this context, we welcome the Commission proposal of 2 April to re-activate the Emergency Support Instrument in the context of the COVID-19 outbreak. This instrument can at this stage provide support of EUR 2.7 billion from EU budget resources. Its firepower can be strengthened rapidly, through additional voluntary contributions from Member States. We call on Member States to explore ways to further reinforce the Emergency Support Instrument in the context of the legislative process.
  15. Strengthening EIB activities. We welcome the initiative of the EIB Group to create a pan-European guarantee fund of EUR 25 billion, which could support EUR 200 billion of financing for companies with a focus on SMEs, throughout the EU, including through national promotional banks. We invite the EIB to operationalize its proposal as soon as possible and stand ready to put it in place without delay, while ensuring complementarity with other EU initiatives and the future Invest EU programme. This initiative is an important contribution to preserving the level playing field of the single market in light of the national support schemes.
  16. Safety nets in the EU and EA. Safety nets are in place in the euro area and the EU. In the euro area, the ESM is equipped with instruments that could be used, as needed, in a manner adapted to the nature of the symmetric shock caused by COVID 19. We propose to establish a Pandemic Crisis Support, based on the existing ECCL precautionary credit line and adjusted in light of this specific challenge, as a relevant safeguard for euro area Member States affected by this external shock. It would be available to all euro area Member States during these times of crisis, with standardised terms agreed in advance by the ESM Governing Bodies, reflecting the current challenges, on the basis of up-front assessments by the European institutions. The only requirement to access the credit line will be that euro area Member States requesting support would commit to use this credit line to support domestic financing of direct and indirect healthcare, cure and prevention related costs due to the COVID 19 crisis. The provisions of the ESM Treaty will be followed. Access granted will be 2% of the respective Member’s GDP as of end-2019, as a benchmark. With a mandate from the Leaders, we will strive to make this instrument available within two weeks, while respecting national procedures and constitutional requirements. The credit line will be available until the COVID 19 crisis is over. Afterwards, euro area Member States would remain committed to strengthen economic and financial fundamentals, consistent with the EU economic and fiscal coordination and surveillance frameworks, including any flexibility applied by the competent EU institutions. The Balance of Payments Facility can provide financial support to Member States that have not adopted the euro. It should be applied in a way which duly takes into account the special circumstances of the current crisis.
  17. SURE. In the spirit of solidarity and in light of the exceptional nature of the COVID -19 crisis, we agree on the need to establish, for the duration of the emergency, a temporary loan-based instrument for financial assistance under Article 122 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. We will strive to make the instrument operational as soon as possible. In this context, we welcome the Commission proposal of 2 April to set-up a temporary instrument supporting Member States to protect employment in the specific emergency circumstances of the COVID-19 crisis. It would provide financial assistance during the time of the crisis, in the form of loans granted on favourable terms from the EU to Member States, of up to EUR 100 billion in total, building on the EU budget as much as possible, while ensuring sufficient capacity for Balance of Payments support, and on guarantees provided by Member States to the EU budget. The instrument could primarily support the efforts to protect workers and jobs, while respecting the national competences in the field of social security systems, and some health-related measures. This proposal should be taken forward without delay in the legislative process. The Member States’ position on this emergency instrument does not pre-judge the position on future proposals related to unemployment insurance. Consistent with its legal basis, access to the instrument will be discontinued once the COVID-19 emergency has passed.
  18. We agree that a coherent strategy in the EU is needed to support Member States’ efforts to return to a normal functioning of our societies and economies and to promote a relaunch of economic activity and investment to ensure sustainable growth.
  19. Recovery Fund. In this context, we also agreed to work on a Recovery Fund to prepare and support the recovery, providing funding through the EU budget to programmes designed to kick-start the economy in line with European priorities and ensuring EU solidarity with the most affected member states. Such a fund would be temporary, targeted and commensurate with the extraordinary costs of the current crisis and help spread them over time through appropriate financing. Subject to guidance from Leaders, discussions on the legal and practical aspects of such a fund, including its relation to the EU budget, its sources of financing and on innovative financial instruments, consistent with EU Treaties, will prepare the ground for a decision.
  20. Upcoming MFF. The next EU Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) will play a central role in the economic recovery. It will have to reflect the impact of this crisis and the size of the challenges ahead, by setting the right priorities, to allow Member States to effectively address the fallout of the coronavirus crisis, to support the economic recovery, and ensure that cohesion within the Union is maintained through solidarity, fairness and responsibility. We welcome the Commission’s intention to adapt its MFF proposal to reflect the new situation and outlook.
  21. Roadmap for Recovery. Work is ongoing on a broader Roadmap and an Action Plan to support the recovery of the European economy through high quality job creation and reforms to strengthen resilience and competitiveness, in line with a sustainable growth strategy. It should put in place the conditions to relaunch our economies whilst promoting economic convergence in the EU and reducing any fragmentation resulting from the crisis, including through the rapid restoration of the full functionality of the Single market. The President of the Commission and the President of the European Council, in consultation with other institutions, including the ECB, have started work to this end. The Eurogroup stands ready to contribute and support this endeavour.
  22. Today we are engaged in an effort to safeguard the health and lives of European citizens and to tackle the immediate economic challenge. This includes the fiscal means Member States need to finance the necessary measures. The recovery of the European economy poses a big challenge. We will act together in solidarity and we will deliver. This includes the necessary progress in strengthening the European Union.
    Next steps
  23. The Eurogroup will pursue the work needed taking into account the intention of the Council Presidency to take the legislative proposals forward without delay.

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47 comentarii

  1. Pai sa nu te oftici ca n-ai raportat mai multi? Ce, venea UE sa dezgroape mortul, sa vada daca a murit de covida sau de cancer?
    ‘ete asa lasam ocaziile sa scape. Dumnezeu iti da, dar nu-ti baga si in traista, ba!…
    Ia sa vedeti acum cum creste numarul de morti iar.

    • ‘ezi, unii romanasi cum gandesc, bravos, felicitari, sa le traiasca si manualul…!

    • Sezi bre usor, ca e vorba de imprumuturi, nu de bani dati pe degeaba, cum visezi tu. Noi, cu datoria externa de 40% din PIB puteam imprumuta si fara acordul ala. In schimb ne-ar fi fost mai greu sa exportam daca economiile mari din UE, catre care se duc 75% din exporturi, o duc rau.

    • Nu le da idei, ca nu s-a încheiat raportarea!

    • Cand ai oameni care au facut atac de cord si ii bagi la COVID cum se numeste?

  2. Mai oameni buni, 500 miliarde sunt jumatate de _bilion_. Stiu ca a scazut calitatea invatamantului in Romania, dar nici chiar asa.

    Cand traduceti din engleza, fiti atenti la valoarea lui 10^12: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_numerals#Very_large_numbers

    • Io zic sa mai incerci o tura, bilionul tau e miliardul, deci 500 de miliarde n-au cum face juma de bilion.

    • sa-ti bagi tu bulionul si bilioanele in cur monshe si lasa tu trilionul care e universal valabil in pace.. 500 miliarde sunt fix juma` de trilion chiar daca te oftici tu sau nu .. sau tu esti d-ala care intra pe „sit” nu pe site, ca i se zbate coiful dacic daca pronunta site, branza, viezure

    • Da ce destept esti domn’le !
      Mai inveti si pe altii!!

      1 trilion = 1000 miliarde
      Jumatate de trilion = 500 de miliarde
      500 de miliarde = 500,000 de milioane

      Culca te

    • @sile,
      1/2 trillion = 500 billions (500 miliarde tradus in romana)
      Adica 500,000,000,000 euro.

    • Nea Tibi, cica dacii aveau capul tare ca o nuca, nu aveau nevoie de coif, ei purtau un fel de caciula de ii zicea pileusul dacic…😁
      Si pentru nea Sile-matematicianul, ca si el are dreptate si subliniaza ca el vorbeste romaneste
      10^12-bilion, este 1000 de miliarde. Deci 500 de miliarde este chiar juma’ de bilion, dar in romaneste.
      10^18-si am ajuns la trilion sa traiasca…
      Englezoii folosesc sistemul numit scala scurta si de aici confuzia intre traducere si care este de fapt puterea lui 10.

    • Ce răi sunteți! Dl @Sile a gândit-o logic: milion…, bilion…, trilion…, chit că socoteala din târg…! Și s-a gândit la școala vieții când a făcut referire la invățământ, că ‘geaba ai școli înalte dacă nu-ți iei bacu’ la materia predată la colț de stradă…
      Dle @Sile,
      Data viitoare folosește termenul: „fără număr” și nu te sfii în a face și gestul specific pe antebraț..!

    • @tanti justitie, nu m-ai lamurit cu oole, acum stiu si de ce! Se pare ca femeike “emancipate” despre care vorbesti, n-au nici cel mai vag habar despre cifre… se pare ca scolile alea nu le-au prea ajutat… s-bune la dat din gura, la justitie, la ridicat fustele in cap, da ZERO pe cifre… Pai ce ne facem?!?

    • Hint: vezi ca in vechiul continent, unde ai facut tu scoala, (daca nu vorbim de ucecom), trilioane si bilioane-s cu totu altceva! 😉

    • Ai dreptate, si nu prea.

      Totusi de ce trebuie sa para pompoase exprimările?

    • Scara,
      GENIALĂ asta cu „fără număr” !

    • Corect. Este diferența dintre sistemul anglo-saxon și cel european, de care trebuie ținut cont atunci când traduci din engleză. Ceea ce pentru ei este trilion pentru noi este bilion. La ei în loc de miliard se spune billion. Iar miliardarii sunt ‘billionaires’.

    • Și dacă tot se citează din El Pais, iată că spaniolii spun „jumătate de bilion”, așa cum ar trebui să spunem și noi, dacă nu ne-am limita la Google Translate: „El medio billón del Eurogrupo sirve para vencer la parálisis económica”

    • în română trilion poate însemna, după caz, o mie de miliarde, un milion de miliarde sau un miliard de miliarde. Cum nu e de ajuns mai poate însemna și ”un număr foarte mare, nedefinit”; un fel de fără număr. Eu propun să-l scoatem din uz cu totul :)))

    • Corect, sile.

    • Trist că nici politicienii nu ştiu cât e un miliard.

  3. Poate de data asta nataraii lumii noastre vor intelege , daca nici acum atunci- vai si iar vai –

  4. China si Russia mor de ciuda, solidaritatea europeana functioneaza pana la urma. Ce mai spun trollii Kremlinului? Ce mai spun ei cand pensia medie in Romania este mai mare decat salariul unui medic in Russia lui Putin? Ce mai spun ei cand prima autostrada din Russia a fost inaugurata abia in…2019?! Romania are autostrazi de zeci de ani, rusii inca mai viseaza la ele!

    Oricat ar incerca pravoslavnicii si tovarasii lor chinezi, nu le merge, UE este cea mai mare forta democratica si cu cel mai inalt nivel de trai din lume. Doar democratia si libertatea sunt cheia succesului. Regimurile criminale de la Moskva si Beijing nu vor mai rezista mult dupa ce supusii lor se vor trezi la realitate. Minciuna are picioare scurte, Rasputin se rasuceste in mormant, nu mai vorbim de Stalichnaya si Mao.

  5. Cand e vorba de bani,
    – trillion (en) = 1000 de miliarde, un milion de milioane
    – in romaneste e mai ambiguu, se cam foloseste „bilion” in loc de trilionul de mai sus, dar nu e de acuzat, noi nu prea am avut ocazia sa numaram atatia bani, poate doar PIB-ul spre care ne ducea in zbor psd-ul sa ne fi pus in curand asa problema 🙂

    Sunt cele 2 scari, care au introdus confuzie si desincronizare in adoptare..

    • Nu pentru că am fi mai săraci ori înapoiați. De altfel nu e departe vremea când eram cu toții multimilionari. Dar am moștenit scala franceză, unde avem ‘milliard’, pe care englezii l-au sărit și au, în loc, ‘billion’.

  6. Vive l’union Européenne! Vom iesi uniti din aceasta criza. Impreuna, toti cei 27.

  7. Premierul italian se numește GIUSEPPE CONTE, nu Gentiloni, care a fost premier până în iunie 2018!!

  8. Premierul italian Paolo Gentiloni? Serios? A fost vreo lovitură de stat în seara asta, în Italia, și nu am aflat eu?

  9. Este corect in articol,500de miliarde înseamnă jumătate de trilion.Foarte corect!Bilion înseamnă miliard in engleza(1bilion=1miliard).Greu tare,in rest ne pricepem la orice!

    • formulare completă/pedantică, pentru că enunțul tău eliptic și cu un „l” lipsă tot în ceață lasă pe cineva care chiar nu știe… În rest, ne pricepem la orice 🙂

  10. Daca vorbim de euro in Europa deci si-n Romania cum am invatat unii la scoala:

    Imi aduc aminte de o intrebare la „Stii si castigi” la Pro TV in anii 90, in care raspunsul corect a fost incorect

  11. @Romeo C.:
    Evident este vorba de ministrul de Finante ! 🙂

    • sunteți siguri că vor ajunge și la noi? Noi suntem în UE dar nu în zona euro, nu folosim moneda euro.

  12. @ pudila….ecceeeziunaleeee…..veramente. replica in film diego abatantuono …al pusher,,,,,,, ,,stai atento droghiere a mio frattelo che……dar tu ramai un ciumat mereu.

  13. o veste care intristeaza SUA, Rusia , UK, si bucura China care abia asteapta sa ne vanda din nou multe lucruri pe langa virusi si stiri cu oameni disparuti

    indiferent unde se vor duce banii, automat se vor raspandi in UE si sper la cat mai putin se vor cheltui pe importurile din china

  14. Era vorba de coronabonduri, acum se vine cu imprumutul.Exact ca intr-o familie:sotul isi imprumuta sotia cu dobanda infima si in vecii vecilor aceasta va fi sub papucul lui, ca asa e in familia europeana-unii sunt mai smecheri ca altii-

    • Vroiai ca trântorii din sud să primească gratis, să-și poată face siesta, dolce far niente, și restul metodelor specifice de frecat menta pe spinarea popoarelor muncitoare din nord ?!
      Gandire de asistat

  15. F bine ca se dau imprumuturi la dobanzi mici si nu se mutualizeaza datoriile statelor, cum a propus Italia si Spania; toata Europa ar fi avut de suferit.

  16. Fericiti cei care nu trebuie sa apeleze la aceste credite.
    Noi putem fi fericiti?

  17. Ce e cu punerea in practica a sloganelor bla bla stangisto – liberale gen „solidaritatea UE” etc, etc.?

    Asta sa fie: o linie de credit mica, de tip praf in ochi?
    Pai asta inseamna ca toata lumea e pe contul lui.
    Unde e, ce este de fapt UE in situatia actuala?

  18. Intreaga Europa este acum obligata sa se alinieze si politic daca vrea sa supravietuiasca . Cine nu doreste si o tine una si buna cu iliberalismul este liber sa plece daca are unde .Este foarte clar ce s a intimplat cu totii au acceptat o noua formula politica europeana dupa ce se incheie pandemia undeva in jurul lui 15 iunie .

  19. ba, ați uitat de neapartenenta la Sengen?

  20. Aţi tradus greşit.

    E vorba de jumătate de bilion. 500 de miliarde. 500 000 de milioane. 500 000 000 000 de Euro.
    Un trilion e de 1000 ori mai mult.

    Englezii nu au miliarde.
    Ei zic la miliarde billion, iar la bilioane trillion.
    O sursă deasă de confuzie.

    Dar cu ceva logică se poate ştie că poate fi un trilion doarece e o sumă de 10 ori mai mare ca produsul intern brut al intregii omeniri.